Style Details

Name
Dop­pel­bock
Cate­go­ry
Strong Euro­pean Beer
BJCP Style Code
9 A
Appearan­ce
Deep gold to dark brown in color. Dar­ker ver­si­ons often have ruby high­lights. Lage­ring should pro­vi­de good cla­ri­ty. Lar­ge, crea­my, per­sis­tent head (color varies with base style: white for pale ver­si­ons, off-white for dark varie­ties). Stron­ger ver­si­ons might have impai­red head reten­ti­on, and can dis­play noti­ce­ab­le legs.
Aro­ma
Very strong mal­ti­ness. Dar­ker ver­si­ons will have signi­fi­cant Mail­lard pro­ducts and often some toas­ty aro­mas. A light cara­mel aro­ma is accep­ta­ble. Ligh­ter ver­si­ons will have a strong malt pre­sence with some Mail­lard pro­ducts and toas­ty notes. Vir­tual­ly no hop aro­ma, alt­hough a light noble hop aro­ma is accep­ta­ble in pale ver­si­ons. A moder­ate­ly low malt-deri­ved dark fruit cha­rac­ter may be pre­sent (but is optio­nal) in dark ver­si­ons. A very slight cho­co­la­te-like aro­ma may be pre­sent in dar­ker ver­si­ons, but no roas­ted or bur­ned aro­ma­tics should ever be pre­sent. Mode­ra­te alco­hol aro­ma may be pre­sent.
Fla­vour
Very rich and mal­ty. Dar­ker ver­si­ons will have signi­fi­cant Mail­lard pro­ducts and often some toas­ty fla­vors. Ligh­ter ver­si­ons will have a strong malt fla­vor with some Mail­lard pro­ducts and toas­ty notes. A very slight cho­co­la­te fla­vor is optio­nal in dar­ker ver­si­ons, but should never be per­cei­ved as roas­ty or burnt. Clean lager cha­rac­ter. A moder­ate­ly low malt-deri­ved dark fruit cha­rac­ter is optio­nal in dar­ker ver­si­ons. Inva­ria­b­ly the­re will be an impres­si­on of alco­ho­lic strength, but this should be smooth and war­ming rather than har­sh or bur­ning. Litt­le to no hop fla­vor (more is accep­ta­ble in pale ver­si­ons). Hop bit­ter­ness varies from mode­ra­te to moder­ate­ly low but always allows malt to domi­na­te the fla­vor. Most ver­si­ons are fair­ly mal­ty-sweet, but should have an impres­si­on of atte­nua­ti­on. The sweet­ness comes from low hop­ping, not from incom­ple­te fer­men­ta­ti­on. Paler ver­si­ons gene­ral­ly have a dri­er finish.
Mouth­feel
Medi­um-full to full body. Mode­ra­te to moder­ate­ly-low car­bo­na­ti­on. Very smooth without har­sh­ness, astrin­gen­cy. A light alco­hol warm­th may be noted, but it should never burn.
Over­all Impres­si­on
A strong, rich, and very mal­ty Ger­man lager that can have both pale and dark vari­ants. The dar­ker ver­si­ons have more rich­ly-deve­lo­ped, deeper malt fla­vors, while the paler ver­si­ons have slight­ly more hops and dry­ness.
Typi­cal Ingre­dients
Pils and/or Vien­na malt for pale ver­si­ons (with some Munich), Munich and Vien­na mal­ts for dar­ker ones and occa­sio­nal­ly a tiny bit of dar­ker color mal­ts (such as Cara­fa). Saa­zer-type hops. Clean lager yeast. Deco­c­tion mashing is tra­di­tio­nal.
Histo­ry
A Bava­ri­an spe­cial­ty first bre­wed in Munich by the mon­ks of St. Fran­cis of Pau­la. His­to­ri­cal ver­si­ons were less well-atte­nua­ted than modern inter­pre­ta­ti­ons, with con­se­quent­ly hig­her sweet­ness and lower alco­hol levels (and hence was con­si­de­red “liquid bread” by the mon­ks). The term “dop­pel (dou­ble) bock” was coi­ned by Munich con­su­mers. Many com­mer­cial dop­pel­bocks have names ending in “-ator,” eit­her as a tri­bu­te to the pro­to­ty­pi­cal Sal­va­tor or to take advan­ta­ge of the beer’s popu­la­ri­ty. Tra­di­tio­nal­ly dark brown in color; paler examp­les are a more recent deve­lo­p­ment.
Comments
Most ver­si­ons are dark colo­red and may dis­play the cara­me­li­zing and Mail­lard pro­ducts of deco­c­tion mashing, but excel­lent pale ver­si­ons also exist. The pale ver­si­ons will not have the same rich­ness and dar­ker malt fla­vors of the dark ver­si­ons, and may be a bit dri­er, hop­pier and more bit­ter. While most tra­di­tio­nal examp­les are in the lower end of the ran­ges cited, the style can be con­si­de­red to have no upper limit for gra­vi­ty, alco­hol and bit­ter­ness (thus pro­vi­ding a home for very strong lagers).
Com­mer­cial Examp­les
Dark Ver­si­ons –Andech­ser Dop­pel­bock Dun­kel, Ayin­ger Cele­bra­tor, Pau­la­ner Sal­va­tor, Spa­ten Opti­ma­tor, Trö­egs Tro­e­gena­tor, Wei­hen­ste­pha­ner Kor­bi­ni­an,; Pale Ver­si­ons – Eggen­berg Urbock 23º, EKU 28, Plank Bava­ri­an Hel­ler Dop­pel­bock
Ori­gi­nal Gra­vi­ty
1.072 - 1.112 SG
Final Gra­vi­ty
1.016 - 1.024 SG
Color
6 - 25 SRM
Alco­hol
7.0 - 10.0 %vol
Bit­ter­ness
16 - 26 IBU